Study and live in the centre of Asian finance and commerce
Since its origins, Shanghai has been seen as a port between the east and the west. The city influences commerce, culture, finance, media, fashion, technology and transport, and its modern skyline, infrastructure and mindset are truly futuristic at times.
Shanghai literally means “on the sea” and its location both by the biggest river in China and by the East China Sea dominates and flourishes the city’s existence and nature. Shanghai embodies how a melting pot of cultures in China can lead to an affluent, successful and intrinsically international city with a bright future.
- Facts and History
- Best of Shanghai
- Food and Drink
- Currency and Cost
Facts and History
Country: People’s Republic of China
Population: 1.4 billion (24 million in Shanghai)
Language: Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese) and several other dialects
Currency: Renminbi (RMB)
Electricity: 220 Volts
Religion: Buddhism, Taoism, Islam and Christianity
Time Zone: UCT + 8
Located in the Yangtze River Delta in eastern China, Shanghai was originally a modest fishing town and largely marshland till the 17th century when a complex system of canals was built to drain the area. Shanghai’s ports started to grow rapidly around the Delta area; fueled largely by the opium trade the city became famous for.
The opium trade can be said to have created the latter day Shanghai as well as attributing the city with the bipolar reputation of being both the ‘Paris of East’ as well as the ‘Whore of the Orient’. The Treaty of Nanking in 1842 concluded the First Opium War and was Shanghai’s moment to open up its borders for trade. Shanghai became an increasingly inviting city for those who wanted to start over. An excess of foreign cash and no entry requirements for new residents, Shanghai was a city that rejected no one. Indeed, everyone who came to Shanghai, it was told, had something to hide.
Hundreds of foreigners, Brits, Russians and French people, populated the Shanghai International Settlement till WWII and they’ve left a lasting international imprint on Shanghai. Shanghai became the undisputed hub of financial action in the Asia Pacific in the 1930s and is the largest city by population in China today. Shanghai became an autonomous municipality and a special economic zone in 1990 and its economic growth hasn’t slowed since.
The Shanghai region that consists of the city and two neighboring provinces, accounts alone for almost a third of China’s exports. China is the world’s fastest growing economy and Shanghai, with its economy expanding at a rate of 12%, is at the heart of the massive structural changes stirring the global markets.
Shanghainese are famous for being obsessed with status and the creation of wealth. There is hardly a better city to observe capitalism at a work than Shanghai, despite the oxymoron of China being an essentially communist country.
Shanghai has a humid, subtropical climate that often makes the city grayish and overcast. The winters are chilly but from March onwards the weather warms up, making the whole city blossom. The summer can be very hot, with temperatures sometimes as high as 40°C (104°F) in July, but the weather becomes very pleasant in September and the autumns are one of the best times to visit Shanghai, weather-wise.
Best of Shanghai
The Bund area has always encapsulated Shanghai’s modernity as the ‘Wall Street of Shanghai’. It is still the most famous area in Shanghai with its grandiose colonial-era buildings that stretch along the Hungpu River. The historic architecture is worth your while as it is but the buildings also host some of Shanghai’s most exclusive hotels, restaurants, bars and shops. A cruise on the Hungpu River when it gets darker is an excellent way to take in the magnificence of the blend of old and new in Shanghai.
Yùyuán Gardens & Bazaar
Sparkling little pools with colorful fish, shady alcoves, pavilions, rockeries and trees (pines, willows, cherry trees, magnolia trees…), these gardens, that date back to the 16th century and the rich Ming-dynasty, irresistible. The most famous teahouse in China, the Huxinting Teahouse, is right next to the garden entrance. The bazaar and Old Street that neighbor the garden are great for browsing and souvenir shopping.
Jade Buddha Temple
The Jade Temple is one of few still active Buddhist monasteries in Shanghai. The temple was built between 1911 and 1918 and hosts the two meter tall Jade Buddha, the centerpiece of the temple. During the Lunar New Year in February, about 20,000 Chinese Buddhists visit to temple to pray for prosperity in the coming year. There is a large, excellent vegetarian restaurant attached to the temple.
Tianziwang is a collection of disarming alleys, full of little boutiques that sell everything from jewelry and scarfs to retro communist dinnerware. For more flashes from the past, the Unique Hill Gallery sells propaganda prints and old posters.
The AP Xinyang Fashion & Gifts Market is a massive underground market with the largest collection of shopping stalls in Shanghai. It has separate markets devoted to fabrics and pearls. Start the haggling from a low price and you’re in for a true bargain.
There is also countless international chains, brand boutiquest, department stores and shopping malls in China. Pack light, you’ll be sure to accumulate treasures and bargains during the semester abroad.
Food and drink
The food in Shanghai rewards adventurers’ taste buds. There is an impossible amount of excellent street food and the easiest way to find your favorites is to try as many different things as possible. Soy sauce and sugar spice up many dishes, as does alcohol, which is used in modest quantities when cooking and steaming fish, crab and chicken.
A steamed pork dumpling served with soup and wrapped up in a wonton wrapper, is the hot dog of New York, iconic Shanghai street snack that everyone adores. There are two regional varieties of soup dumpling: the Nanjing-style (tangbao) dumpling that has a translucent skin, a little less pork and a savory broth; and the traditional Shanghainese xialongbao which has a thicker skin, hearty amount of pork and a sweeter soup.
Known as the Chinese barbecue, Shaokao is the perfect late night snack. There are shaokao spots all over the city and you’ll recognize them from the pick & mix method of ordering. Customers choose from tables laden with an enormous amount of different vegetables and meats, putting their choices on a tray and then handing it to the cooks at the grill who season and grill it to perfection.
Being a vegetarian in Shanghai, as in anywhere in Asia, can sometimes be a challenge. Chinese people don’t always understand why someone wouldn’t want to eat meat but this doesn’t mean meat dominates every course. Often the dish is 90% vegetarian and a little meat is used to flavor the dish or garnish it with, for example, a sprinkle of pork. There are 100% vegetarian options that are in no way shadowed by their meatier counterparts when you know what to order. Try the qingcai baozi, a steamed bun filled with bok choi, mushrooms and tofu. Cha ye dans are hard-boiled eggs which have been marinated in tea with soy sauce, vinegar, star anise and cinnamon. Watch out for the very similar looking Maodan eggs – they are fertilized eggs boiled with the fetus inside. Da congyou bing is a delicious veggie pancake, and bamboo tofu is the king of all tofu (nothing like the Western cubes in plastic trays with water!).
It’s not only Chinese food that Shanghai excels in. There are, for example, excellent French, Italian and British restaurants that have become immensely successful with not only the expats but locals as well. The French Quarter in Shanghai is scattered with French treats, everything from bistros and bakeries (Farine’s the best one in town) to wine bars that show French movies (Le Petit Franck). Even if you are sticking to a strictly Chinese diet, French Quarter is a delightful neighborhood; a little French village really, with its art deco houses, 1920s mansion and secret walled gardens.
A surprise hit, Mr Harry Authentic British Restaurant, serves everything English: the full breakfast, apple and rhubarb crumble, fish and chips and bangers and mash. The restaurant is located in a mall next to the main branch of Marks & Spencer in Shanghai.
Pubs that cater mostly expats can be pricey when it comes to beer. Chinese usually drink in restaurants while eating as well as going out to karaoke to sing and drink. You shouldn’t be paying € 5 for a pint so take a little time to find the more affordable places when craving a cold beer.
Currency and costs
The Chinese currency is called Renminbi (RMB), or ‘people’s money. The basic unit of RMB is the yuán (Y). Shanghai is scattered with ATMs that take foreign cards, and you can pay with credit cards in many shopping centers, hotels and fancier restaurants.
Shanghai is one of the priciest cities in China but there are inexpensive ways to shop, eat and travel once you get to know your bearings. The local restaurants serve you fantastic food for little cash – if you have the courage to take on a menu in Chinese. You don’t have to tip if the service is already included in the bill, so check it before you dole out the money. Travelling by metro and bus is very affordable, as are taxis for short journeys.
Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) and Tetanus-diphtheria should be kept up-to-date. Hepatitis A and B are recommended. Japanese encephalitis is recommended for those who are planning on spending a month or more in rural areas or who are going to spend a lot of time outdoors in rural areas after dusk. Consult your doctor before leaving.
Getting used to how big Shanghai is takes a while but get an up-to-date (jiao tong) map and do some homework before you jump on any vehicle. Shanghai has an excellent public transportation system that includes busses, ferries, a subway as well as a light rail. Public transportation is cheap and so are the taxis for shorter distances. Keep in mind that Shanghai is divided into two main areas by the Huangpu River. It’s useful to know whether you’re going to Pudong (east of the river) or to Puxi (west of the river), as well as to which of the 16 districts of the city.
Rush hour is also something you need to calculate in when estimating your travel time. The rush hour lasts from about 7.30-9.00 in the morning and from about 4.45 to 6.30 in the evening. Taxis are the quickest way to travel during rush hour. The subway is always very crowded, regardless of the hour.
Shanghai feels and is very safe and crimes against foreigners are very rare. Crossing the street is, in fact, probably the most dangerous thing you encounter. The green man doesn’t mean it is completely safe to cross, instead trust your own sense of timing and go for it: you will never be able to cross the street if you are too sheepish. Bicycles, scooters, mopeds and motorbikes, sometimes even cars, take liberties when it comes to driving on the pavement so keep your eyes peeled.